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Serving the Nishnawbe Aski
Nation Territory Since 1990.

The Circle Process


Key to the Restorative Justice Program is that the offender must take responsibility for his/her actions in order to be eligible for diversion to our program.


The Process

  1. A diversion referral is received - this can be pre-charge or post-charge
  2. A Restorative Justice Worker arranges for a Circle to take place
  3. A Circle is held - more than one Circle may be needed
  4. From the Circle, the eventual goal is to reach a Circle Agreement or a Circle Settlement
  5. The Circle Agreement is when the offender agrees to take a course of action to repair harms caused to the victim
  6. If the offender is successful in meeting the conditions of the Circle Agreement, the outstanding criminal charges may be withdrawn
  7. If the offender is unsuccessful in meeting the conditions of the Circle Agreement, the criminal charge(s) may be re-initiated
  8. If the offender breaches the terms of the Circle Agreement, the crminal charge(s) may be re-initated


The Circle Participants?

  • The victim and his/her supporters (i.e. family members, friends, etc.)

  • The offender and his/her supporters (i.e. family members, friends, etc.)
  • Key persons involved in helping the offender and victim, such as youth workers, social workers, teachers and counselors
  • Elders
  • Concerned members of the community



Requirements or Outcomes from the Circle Process

  • Volunteer work in the community, tending to Elders, getting firewood or shoveling, gathering of food, volunteering or attending community events
  • Fine
  • Written or verbal apology
  • Attending presentations
  • Attendance at school
  • Testimonies, sharing of stories to provide a teaching
  • Making and presenting gifts to the person(s) harmed
  • Attending a treatment program or another self-help program